An optical Interleaver is a 3-port passive fiber-optic device that is used to combine two sets of Multiplexing (DWDM)">Dense Wavelength-Division Multiplexing (DWDM) channels (odd and even channels) into a composite signal stream in an interleaving way.
An innovative technique for expanding the number of channels per Fiber involves an optical interleaver. For example, in most DWDM equipment, the standard Channel spacing is 100 GHz. But spacing the signal-carrying frequencies every 50 or even 25 GHz can double or even quadruple the number of channels per fiber. This job is accomplished by an optical interleaver. Such a device takes two multiplexed signals with 100-GHz spacing and interleaves them, creating a DWDM signal with channels spaced 50 GHz apart. The process can be repeated, creating even denser composite signals with 25-GHz or 12.5-GHz spacing. The signals at the receiving end are recovered with the same devices used as splitters or optical de-interleavers. Thus, devices and/or networks can be upgraded without requiring that all devices be upgraded, or network bandwidth can be increased.