The angular measurement of a point on the earth's surface, east or west of the prime meridian. The prime meridian runs through Greenwich, England and is 0 degrees longitude. Since measurements are made East and West, the maximum longitude value is 180 degrees. Mathematically, longitudes are usually denoted as positive for easterly longitudes (e.g., +71 degrees = 71 E), and negative for westerly longitudes (e.g., -65 degrees = 65 W).

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